Last Friday, a representative from PUBG Corporation – developers of widely-popular battle royale shooter PlayerUnknown’s Battlegrounds – announced they had filed a copyright violation lawsuit against Epic Games’ Fortnite, for its similarity to PUBG.The two titles have had somewhat of a tumultuous relationship as they fight over an explosive battle royale audience; while our knowledge of the lawsuit is limited at this point, there’s a lot to consider in weighing out the results of a potential case.What we know“We filed the suit to protect our copyright,” the company told the Korea Times.This is about the extent of which is confirmed on the lawsuit thus far, a lot of speculation is floating around regarding how the two might clash in court and what this could mean for the future of Fortnite if found guilty of copyright infringement – let’s get into what we do know. Both PUBG and Fortnite share an undeniable likeness to one another; last-man-standing shooters where 100 players jump from the sky and scavenge for items presents arguments for the similarity of the games. While PUBG was up and running well before Fortnite was, the concept of battle royale or last-man-standing isn’t new at all; even Minecraft and GTA V sported their own battle royale variant at one point before PUBG hit the market. If PUBG Corp plans on arguing on the basis that Epic Games is infringing copyright by making a game within the same genre, they’ll likely be unsuccessful in their case without stronger foundation.PUBG and Fortnite share DNA in the form of Unreal Engine, a suite of tools for game developers to design and build games. Both battle royale giants were made in Unreal Engine, which is owned by Epic Games; the only plausible case we can gather PUBG could form is that Epic Games lifted existing code from what PUBG had created and either implemented it directly or enhanced it for Fortnite. There’s still very little known about the case itself right now, we’ll likely have to wait this one out to see how exactly it unfolds.Imitate vs. recreateCopyright is a bit of a sensitive subject – the legal rights ensure creators of original work bear the exclusive rights of its use and distribution. A grey area exists in deeming copyright infringement, and there is always the age-old debate between what is imitating and what is recreating. Fair use is a murky territory within copyright law, essentially it allows for copywritten material to be used to an extent before infringing upon the rights to exclusivity. Whether use can be considered fair use or not can only be resolved in federal court, therefore predicting the result of a PUBG Corp vs Epic Games legal quarrel would be a long shot – however, we can make some assumptions based on what is typically looked at in these cases (if it makes it to court). If it’s discovered Epic Games lifted code directly from PUBG without modifying it they’ll have some sort of case on their hands. Then again, if it’s found Epic tweaked existing codes into something new or different, they’ll likely have the upper-hand in this dispute. Mind you, a potential plagiarism of PUBG’s code on behalf of Epic’s Fortnite is only speculation.Epic did reference PUBG in the development of Fortnite’s battle royale variant though, stating “We love battle royale games like PUBG and thought Fortnite would make a great foundation for our own version”. So while the question of imitation still looms, there was certainly an inspiration behind Fortnite’s own last-man-standing game mode. Epic Games could have potentially sealed their own fate however by publicly announcing their motivation from PUBG to create their own battle royale mode; using another game’s brand to promote your own may be subject to legal penalty – another limb protected under copyright law. Even then, infringement of this nature is subjective to the courts, so there’s no telling whether Epic can be referenced in violation of their statement including PUBG or not.Lastly, it’s important to note that the colossal Chinese gaming developer and investor Tencent is now in the crossfire as a result of the Fortnite and PUBG feud. With Tencent holding 40% of Epic Games and reportedly planning on investing $470 million into PUBG developers Bluehole, the dispute is going to cause some additional abrasiveness. It may be possible the lawsuit gets dropped solely based off Tencent’s large involvement.Esports Insider says: With little mention of the case details besides it being a copyright violation suit, we’re going to have to wait until this allegation unfolds before we start learning more about it. If the lawsuit does, in fact, make it to the courtroom, we suspect the question of imitation versus inspiration will be a dominant theme. We’ll be sure to keep an eye on the case and provide updates along the way.
Serena Williams overcame her sister Venus at the US Open to move within two victories of her first calendar Grand Slam.The world number one held her nerve to win 6-2 1-6 6-3 and reach the semi-finals in New York.Serena, 33, will play unseeded Italian Roberta Vinci in the last four on Thursday.The American could become the first player to win all four majors in the same year since Steffi Graf in 1988.Venus, 35, was playing in the fourth round at Flushing Meadows for the first time since 2010, but threatened to derail her sister’s grand ambitions.The 23rd seed battled back to force a final set, only to see younger sister Serena capitalise on an early service break and claim her 33rd straight win at the Slams. Sisters take centre stageThe Williams sisters had played each other 26 times on the professional circuit, but their 27th contest was as highly anticipated as any.Serena might already hold all four Slam titles, but her bid to win them all in the same year has elevated tennis in the US sporting headlines.A lengthy preceding match meant Tuesday’s night session was delayed, and expectancy rose outside Arthur Ashe Stadium as 23,000 spectators waited to take their seats for the night session.The match attracted a celebrity crowd to Arthur Ashe Stadium, including US presidential candidate Donald Trump (right) and tennis legend John McEnroe The early excitement was tempered by Serena’s excellent start, but Venus gave a reminder of why she is a seven-time major champion by taking it to a final set.”She’s the toughest player I’ve ever played in my life and the best person,” said Serena.”It’s going against your best friend and the greatest competitor, for me, in women’s tennis, so it was really difficult for me today.”Venus said: “Losing isn’t fun, but probably the most gratifying part is I’m still very excited to see Serena have an opportunity to win the four majors.”The six-time champion began and ended the match in clinical fashion, dropping to her knees and screaming “Come on!” as she earned a match point and moments later firing down an ace. After the first 33 minutes, Serena had succeeded in bringing a hush over the huge stadium as she began to dismantle her sister’s game.Venus came out swinging but her younger sister made the breakthrough at 3-2, and would hit 15 winners and just two errors in a high-class opening set.Serena Williams is bidding to become the fourth woman to win the calendar Grand Slam, after Maureen Connolly (1953) Margaret Court (1970) and Steffi Graf (1988)Serena has looked understandably on edge throughout her time in New York, however, as she closes in on a landmark achievement. A double fault saw her slip 3-1 down in the second, and she looked upset as the crowd gave their backing to her underdog sister.Venus broke again for 5-1 and came though a testing service game to force a final set that had seemed highly unlikely half an hour earlier.Serena had prevailed in 10 final-set deciders at the Slams already this year though, and survived a tense opening game to then break with three blistering backhand winners.There was plenty more huge hitting as Venus strained to recover the break, but Serena would not offer up another break point and clinched victory with her 12th ace after one hour and 38 minutes.”Holding serve in the third set was huge,” said Serena. “She came out blasting and I was defending a lot. She has so much power so it was tough.”
Al-Jaafari issued no public statement Saturday. On Friday, he told Britain’s Channel 4 news that he would not give up the nomination because he was “the legitimate and democratic choice” of the Shiite alliance, a block of seven parties that hold 130 seats in the 275-member assembly. However, two Shiite officials from separate parties said al-Jaafari had said privately that he would give up the nomination if asked to do so directly by the country’s top Shiite cleric, Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani. The officials agreed to discuss the matter only if they were not quoted by name. Al-Sistani has privately urged Shiite leaders to resolve the dispute over the prime ministership so a new government can be formed quickly, according to the elderly cleric’s aides. However, the aides also said al-Sistani did not want to take a high-profile role in the dispute, and it appeared al-Jaafari was gambling the ayatollah would stay out of the political brawl. The protracted bickering over al-Jaafari has sharpened differences among Iraq’s sectarian and ethnically based parties at a time when the Americans, the British and many Iraqis themselves are encouraging politicians to show unity. On Saturday, Shiite politicians suggested that if Kurds and Sunnis stand firm against al-Jaafari, the Shiites might oppose Sunni and Kurdish candidates for other leadership posts that require parliamentary approval, including president and parliament speaker. “Any candidate for a key post presented by the blocs must be accepted by the others,” Shiite official Hussain al-Shahristani told reporters. “This was done to the (Shiite) alliance candidate for prime minster’s post. So the alliance has the right to study the names of candidates presented by other blocs.” Former interim Prime Minister Ayad Allawi, a secular Shiite, suggested that if the stalemate could not be broken, Iraqi leaders should hold talks on forming a “national salvation government” and invite all political groups, including some not represented in parliament. Shiite official Hadi al-Amiri dismissed that idea as “a dream” and accused Allawi, whose party won only 25 seats in the Dec. 15 election, of trying to sidestep the decision of the electorate.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! BAGHDAD, Iraq – A car bomb killed at least seven people and wounded 24 on a busy avenue Saturday as Shiite politicians floated a proposal to end the standoff over a new government by having Prime Minister Ibrahim al-Jaafari step down – but only if his replacement comes from his own party. The blast occurred at lunchtime outside an east Baghdad restaurant frequented by police officers, four of whom were among the injured, Sgt. Sabah Mohsen said. All the dead were civilians, police said. The explosion shattered windows and damaged shops over a wide area. Firefighters hosed down the debris-littered street as bystanders gawked at charred and windowless vehicles. Such violence is adding urgency to talks on forming a government of national unity, a task unsettled four months after parliamentary elections. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREOregon Ducks football players get stuck on Disney ride during Rose Bowl eventNegotiations have stalled over the refusal of Sunni Arab and Kurdish parties to accept al-Jaafari, the Shiite Muslim nominee to head the new government. U.S. officials have urged the factions to form a government as quickly as possible, seeing that as a vital step toward quelling sectarian violence that threatens to push Iraq into civil war. The U.S. military cannot begin sending its 133,000 soldiers home until the government is in place. In a bid to break the deadlock, Shiite politicians not affiliated with major parties proposed that al-Jaafari step aside in favor of another candidate from his Dawa party, several Shiite officials said. In return, the biggest Shiite party, the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq, would not push Vice President Adil Abdul-Mahdi for the post, the officials said on condition of anonymity because the talks are at a sensitive stage. It was unclear, however, whether the proposal would be accepted before Monday’s planned parliamentary session. Shiite officials have sent conflicting signals whether they would attend without a deal among all groups on the premiership and other key posts such as president and parliament speaker.