Aerosol samples have been collected at three stations on the coast of Antarctica. At Dumont d’Urville Station, samples have been collected for 4 years, at Halley Station for 2 years, and at Neumayer Station for 12 years. Fresh snow samples have also been collected at the three sites. At Halley, daily surface snow samples were taken, as well as firn cores covering the sampling period. Meteorological (including upper air) data are available at the three sites. In the subsequent papers of this special section, the data from the three stations have been combined in order to make general statements about the chemistry of aerosol in coastal Antarctica, about the differences between sectors of Antarctica, and about the relationship between air concentrations and the chemistry that is eventually seen in ice cores. This paper summarizes the samples collected and the sampling methods used at the three sites. It also highlights the main role of each paper in this special section.
KINGSTON, Jamaica, Feb 8, CMC – The ruling Jamaica Labor Party (JLP) has hinted at the possibility of an “early” by-election in the Portland Eastern constituency following the murder of the People National Party’s (PNP) parliamentary representative, Dr. Lynvale George BloomfieldNational Security Minister Dr. Horace Chang, who is also the JLP’s general secretary, told a radio program that the date for the by-election lies with Prime Minister Andrew Holness. “Once you lose an MP, we don’t want constituents to remain without representation for a long time. Our democracy is a very active one. It is vibrant, we will have the election at the Prime Minister’s discretion. It is the Prime Minister’s call and I don’t want to anticipate him” Chang told RJR radio.The Opposition PNP is offering half million Jamaican dollar reward for information regarding the death of its legislator, has already indicated it would be prepared in the event that an early by-election is called.Bloomfield’s body was found last Saturday with multiple stab wounds inside his house in Passley Gardens, Portland, a parish located on the island’s northeast coast. PNP General Secretary Julian Robinson told a news conference that anyone with information should come forward and assist the police.Robinson said in addition to the reward the party would also be having a series of events, including and a prayer vigil at the town center in Port Antonio on Saturday, to honour Bloomfield’s service to his community, constituency and the nation.Prime Minister Holness said he was “shocked” at the death of the medical practitioner.The JLP holds 34 of the 63 member Parliamentary seats.
24 Hour Fitness has filed for bankruptcy and says it was forced to close 100 of it’s stores due to COVID-19.Like many other businesses, the national chain of gym was closed over several months to encourage social distancing and to stop the spread of the virus.“If it were not for Covid-19 and its devastating effects, we would not be filing for Chapter 11,” CEO Tony Ueber said in a statement. “We expect to have substantial financing with a path to restructuring our balance sheet and operations to ensure a resilient future.”In it’s Chapter 11 filing on Monday, the chain said that it has secured $250 million in funding which will help reopen some of its clubs, however, they will be coming back as a much smaller chain of roughly 300 clubs.It is said that the chain expects to reopen towards the end of June.
Tags: Gold Standard, Governance England Golf confirmed its leading role in the modernisation of the sport when it voted unanimously today to take the final step to meet the Government’s gold standard for governance.The General Meeting agreed to streamline the Board by reducing it from 15 to 12 members. There will now be eight elected directors, three independent members and the Chief Executive Officer.It’s the latest in a series of measures taken by England Golf to modernise the way the game is run and which comply with the Code for Sports Governance.England Golf’s Independent Chairman Nic Coward (pictured) said: “From the outset England Golf has been a high-performing organisation leading the way for change and today’s vote is another positive statement.”England Golf has led moves to modernise the sport since it was created by a merger in 2012 to look after the interests of all the country’s golfers, clubs and counties.Two years ago the organisation voted to appoint an Independent Chair and Nic Coward took office in April 2017. He has been followed on to the Board by the first two Independent Directors, Martha Brass and Michael Pask.England Golf has made strong commitments on equality and diversity, with a minimum of 30% of each gender on the Board. This was reinforced by an equal representation of county representatives at the general meeting today.• The Code for Sports Governance is designed to ensure that UK sports bodies lead the world with the highest levels of governance and transparency. Compliance with the Code is essential to qualify for public funding and England Golf currently receives £8.48m from Sport England, spread over four years. 29 Nov 2017 England Golf votes unanimously to meet sport’s ‘gold standard’
“Logan is a natural leader who sets the tone every day with his high compete level and his enthusiasm for being at the rink,” said Saints head coach Jeff Dubois.”He’s a high character guy who played a key role within our leadership group on and off the ice last season and really distinguished himself as someone who had the respect and trust of his teammates. Logan was the ideal choice to take over the captaincy and lead our team this year.”Proulx is coming off a stellar rookie season for Selkirk that saw him tie for second in team and league scoring behind former teammate Jordan Wood. He was also named a BCIHL First-Team All-Star and helped lead the Saints to their first-ever league championship. Proulx’s junior playing career included stops in the Western Hockey League with the Edmonton Oil Kings and the British Columbia Hockey League with the Trail Smoke Eaters and Cowichan Valley Capitals. “It means a tremendous amount to me to be chosen as captain this year,” said the skillful sniper.”To be part of any leadership group is an honour and a privilege. I take a lot of pride in being a leader and it’s something that has always come naturally to me. Last year we set a high standard as a team with our work ethic and I think that was the start of something we now expect of ourselves and each other as Selkirk Saints.” “I’m really excited to have all the boys back in town and to get back on the ice with the team. I’m looking forward to welcoming the new guys to Castlegar and getting back into the swing of things,” he adds.”We had a very successful season last year and I know the guys want to compete for and win another BCIHL championship this year.” Selkirk’s leadership group will also include a pair of players — Scott Swiston and Dylan Smith — who are returning as assistant captains for a second season.The third ‘A’ will be worn by second-year forward Connor McLaughlin, who finished third on the team in points last season with 27. “Connor was one of our hardest workers and best conditioned players last season,” said Dubois of the former Nelson Leaf and Fernie Ghostrider.”He plays a gritty, responsible game and he’s going to be a great fit wearing an ‘A’ along with Scott and Dylan.” The Saints opened training camp Sunday evening at the Castlegar Rec Complex. The Saints, beginning another march to the top of the B.C. Intercollegiate Hockey League Sunday in Castlegar, named Trail native Logan Proulx to lead them.The 22-year-old forward has been named captain of the Saints hockey club.Proulx will slip on the captaincy when Selkirk opens the exhibition season Tuesday in the Silver City against the Trail Smoke Eaters at 7 p.m.
ESPINOZA WAS PREPARED FOR HIS DAY IN THE SUNVictor Espinoza won four races Saturday including the FrontRunner Stakes on 10-1 shot Gormley; the Zenyatta Stakes on Stellar Wind; and the Awesome Again Stakes aboard heavily favored California Chrome. Each was a Grade I event.“It was a great day,” said Espinoza Sunday morning at Clockers’ Corner where it was business as usual for the 44-year-old Mexican native. “I was ready and prepared for a big day like that. I thought if everything went well and all the horses I rode performed the way it looked on paper, it would be a fun day and very special.“When you ride a horse like Chrome, in addition to winning, you’re always looking forward to the next race. I was winning easy, so I didn’t want to use him too much, because the next race is going to be very important and tough. I had to save his energy for the Classic.”As for Stellar Wind, who defeated three-time Eclipse Award champion Beholder for the second straight race, Espinoza felt she would be up to the task.“She’s an awesome filly who’s gotten better as she’s gotten older,” he said of the 2015 champion three-year-old filly, now four. “Basically, she doesn’t do things on her own. I had to earn my pay riding her because you have to ask her to run. But for her to twice beat the best mare ever shows how great she is.“Take nothing away from Beholder in defeat. They’re both the best, but right now, I think Stellar Wind is better.”Espinoza rode Gormley to a front-running three-length win over 3-10 favorite Klimt in the FrontRunner Stakes, posting a $23.60 upset.“It was a bit of a challenge for me because we had the one hole,” Espinoza said of the son of Malibu Moon trained by John Shirreffs for Jerry and Ann Moss. “I thought maybe I’d break and sit back because it was his first time going two turns. I didn’t really want to push him too much. But when something happened to the three (Secret House, the expected pacesetter, whose rider, Santiago Gonzalez, “stepped off” as the gates opened), I said ‘Forget about it, let’s go to the front.’” CHROME ‘LOOKS GREAT’ AFTER AWESOME AGAIN ROMPThe fairytale that is California Chrome continued to flower at Santa Anita Saturday.In what amounted to a paid workout, the five-year-old horse rolled to his sixth straight victory in the Awesome Again Stakes, winning by two-and-a-quarter lengths under regular rider Victor Espinoza before an adoring crowd of 18,563 on track and countless more watching on TV and satellites around the globe.California Chrome left Santa Anita at 6:33 p.m. Saturday night for his Los Alamitos headquarters to prepare for the $6 million Breeders’ Cup Classic at Santa Anita on Nov. 5.“He looked great this morning,” Art Sherman said by phone from Los Alamitos at 6:15 Sunday morning. “I went over him and he looks like a horse that didn’t even run. The horse amazes me. We’ve just got to keep him healthy and fresh for the Breeders’ Cup.”Chrome won the Awesome Again almost pulled up, with Espinoza virtually applying the brakes “under a snug hold,” winning “handily” over Dortmund, blinkers and all, who had four and a half lengths on 26-1 shot Win the Space in the field of five, rounded out by Hard Aces and Soi Phet.“Victor told me he eased him up the last 70 yards,” said Sherman, who will keep the same agenda for California Chrome leading to the Classic as he did for the Awesome Again.“It’ll be the same kind of plan. We’ll train him here at Los Al and bring him to Santa Anita a week out. I’m not going to change anything. It seemed to be a good plan, so we’re not going to change it.”While California Chrome was far from all out, Sherman seemed all out to contain his emotions in the winner’s circle hubbub after the victory. This can happen at age 79, when you realize most of your life has passed. You gain a deeper appreciation of what you had and what you have left, and Art Sherman has a lot to look forward to.“Well, it was quite a thrill for me,” he confessed. “The people, everybody who’s involved with the horse, we’ve got a great bunch of owners, what can you say?”Once the victory celebration was over, the TV cameras, well-wishers and assorted hangers-on were gone, Sherman, in public a man of the people, as California Chrome is a horse of the people, returned to his comfort zone.“Faye (his wife) and I went out for a little Mexican food with my niece,” he said.“I had a couple of margaritas and was ready for bed.” ‘HAPPY’ MELATONIN BREEZES PAST WORK FOESSanta Anita Handicap and Gold Cup winner Melatonin continued working his way towards the Breeders’ Cup Classic on Nov. 5 with a six furlong move Sunday in a bullet 1:11.80 under regular rider Joe Talamo.“He worked in company with a couple other horses (Bluegrass Bronco, 1:12.60 and Majestic Kitten, 1:13.20) and went the last quarter in 22 and one,” said David Hofmans, who trains the son of Kodiac Kowboy for Susan Osborne’s Tarabilla Farm.“Joe said he was smooth, felt good, happy and caught the horses that were five in front of him. At the eighth pole he blew right by them, so he’s doing good.” FINISH LINES: Lord Nelson, winner of the Grade I Bing Crosby and the Grade I Triple Bend in his last two starts, worked five furlongs Sunday morning under Rafael Bejarano for next Saturday’s Grade I “Win and You’re In” Santa Anita Sprint Championship in 59.80. “He went nice; he’s ready,” said Bob Baffert, who rides Flavien Prat in the Sprint. “This will set him up.” Jazzy Times and Drefong, also nominated to the Sprint, worked four furlongs for Baffert in a bullet 47 flat . . . Mike Smith, who has ridden Drefong to three straight victories including the Grade I Kings Bishop on Aug. 27, rides at Belmont Park Saturday on Jockey Club Gold Cup day . . . John Sadler said Stellar Wind came out of her neck victory over Beholder “great” and it’s on to the Breeders’ Cup Distaff and a potential third meeting with the three-time Eclipse champion. “What’s nice is that we’ll be in our own home environment (as Santa Anita hosts the 32nd Breeders’ Cup for an unprecedented ninth time on Nov. 4 and 5),” Sadler said. “We’ll give Stellar Wind a breather for a few days and get ready for the big one.” . . . Harbour Master, a two-year-old trained by Jamie Osborne, arrives Wednesday for the $100,000 Zuma Beach Stakes at a mile on turf Columbus Day, Monday, Oct. 10. Jockey Jamie Spencer rides. THE BEAT GOES ON FOR SONGBIRD All systems remain go for unbeaten superstar filly Songbird as she seeks her 12th straight victory in the $2 million Breeders’ Cup Distaff at Santa Anita on Nov. 4.“She’s continued to do things the way she started out doing them,” said Hall of Fame jockey Mike Smith, who has ridden the daughter of Medaglia d’Oro in all of her races, including the Cotillion at Parx on Sept. 24. “It’s pretty incredible for her to still dominate the way she has. Her last race was one of her best, so that’s always a good sign leading into a big, big race.“She’s doing really well, she’s happy and back at Santa Anita. I saw her the other day and she looks wonderful. She’s none the worse for wear. She seems to keep her weight on, her coat is shining, and all is good.”Added her Hall of Fame trainer Jerry Hollendorfer Sunday morning: “She’s going to breeze Thursday. That will be her first work since winning the Cotillion and it will be 11 days from her race, which is longer than I usually wait, but since she shipped and everything, I’m giving her more time.” CLASSIC COUNTDOWN IS ON FOR CHROMEESPINOZA WAS READY FOR ‘GRAND SLAM’ MELATONIN BREEZES FOR THE BC CLASSICSONGBIRD HOME TO PREPARE FOR DISTAFF
The frustration with Asafa Powell’s inability to deliver an individual gold medal at the highest level of track-and-field competition is not limited to Jamaicans, it seems. There were audible sighs and other expressions of exasperation as the Jamaican posted 6.50 seconds to finish second in the men’s 60m at the IAAF World Indoor Championships at the Oregon Convention Centre on Friday evening. All day, the former 100m world-record holder had been in stellar form, posting a season’s best and world-leading 6.44 seconds to win the first-round heat as well as semi-final. However, the athlete, whose best finish at a World Championships or Olympics has been third, was unable to deliver yet again on Friday as the United States’ Trayvon Bromell bolted to the finish in 6.47 seconds. There was some confusion as St Kitts and Nevis’ Kim Collins was initially credited with second and Barbados’ Ramon Gittens with third. After some delay and examination of the photo-finish camera, Powell was credited with second. “I was sure I was in second place. I had to run back to second, but I was sure I got second,” Powell said. “The start wasn’t as good as the first two rounds. Bromell got a perfect start. He got a flyer and I think that kind of threw me of a bit in the mid part of the race and he got away a bit too far,” he added. However, Powell tried to explain the silver-medal finish after such promise earlier as journalists queried what happened and attributed part of the problem to running three rounds in one day. “I’m happy with the medal. I’m not overly excited, but I’m happy with the medal because if I had run back my 6.44, I would have been in the gold medal. I don’t know if I could have done anything different. Maybe postpone it until tomorrow (yesterday), so I could get some rest. It was a very, very hard day and (my) legs were tired,” he said. Powell himself sounded disappointed and unable to determine the cause of his inability to break his glass ceiling. “I was just wondering what did I do wrong in the first part. It just happened so fast. It was a very good race. Bromell ran a very good race. He got a personal best. It was so easy, but three rounds in one day, my legs just couldn’t bring back the 6.44. POWELL SECOND
South Africa pace bowler Kagiso Rabada has gained two slots to reach a career-best third position in the ICC Test Rankings for bowlers following his player of the match performance against Bangladesh in Bloemfontein which helped them complete a 2-0 win in the two-match Test series.Rabada grabbed five wickets in each innings for an enviable match-haul of 10 for 63 that helped his side to an innings and 254 runs victory. He made a notable improvement in the latest rankings, which also take into account the second Test between Pakistan and Sri Lanka in Dubai, which Sri Lanka won by 68 runs on Tuesday to clinch the series 2-0.Rabada, a star of the ICC U-19 Cricket World Cup when his side won it in 2014, has overtaken spinners Rangana Herath of Sri Lanka and Ravichandran Ashwin of India and is now on 876 points, only eight points behind second-placed India spinner Ravindra Jadeja and 20 behind top-ranked James Anderson of England.Rabada was not the only South Africa pace bowler to gain in the latest rankings as his new-ball partner Duanne Olivier (up nine places to a career-best 48th position), Wayne Parnell (up 10 places to 60th) and Andile Phehlukwayo (up 27 places to 93rd) have also moved up the rankings.Captain Faf du Plessis and Aiden Markram, century-makers at Bloemfontein, are among the batsmen to gain. Du Plessis’s 135 not out has seen him move up two places to 14th position while Markram has gained 43 slots to reach a career-best 61st position after his knock of 143.For Bangladesh, Imrul Kayes has gained four slots to reach 69th position while pace bowler Subashish Roy has gained 18 slots to reach 86th position.advertisementAiden Markram has gained 43 slots to reach a career-best 61st position after his knock of 143 against Bangladesh Aiden Markram has gained 43 slots to reach a career-best 61st position after his knock of 143 against Bangladesh.For Sri Lanka, who have overtaken Pakistan to take sixth position in the ICC Test Team Rankings, Dimuth Karunaratne’s scores of 196 and seven have seen him move up nine places to 17th position, the first time he is in the top 20. Niroshan Dickwella has gained two slots to reach 39th position and all-rounder Dilruwan Perera has gained 10 slots to reach 76th position.Perera has also gained in the rankings for bowlers, his eight wickets in Dubai helping him gain three positions to reach 23rd position. Suranga Lakmal has also gained three places to reach 33rd position.Pakistan middle-order batsman Asad Shafiq, who scored his 11th Test century, has gained seven places to reach 28th position while captain Sarfraz Ahmed has gained one place to reach 32nd position.Pace bowler Wahab Riaz’s five wickets in the match have seen him overtake India’s Umesh Yadav to take 24th position while Haris Sohail has gained 35 places to reach 83rd rank.