Car camp in the Deep Hole Recreation Area in Chattahoochee National ForestDepending on your age, late August can be a time of joyful celebration, moderate melancholy, or abject terror. Parents rejoice, older kids resign to the fact they have to get back in the classroom, and younger kids – especially those entering a new school – are frightened to death of having an agenda each day and facing their peers following a summer where anything could have, and probably did, happen. But the dying days of summer also mean waking up to cool temperatures and not sizzling from noon to four everyday. Take advantage of these last fleeting moments by going on an adventure, albeit a mild one: car camping.If you are lucky enough to have not started school yet, now is the time to take your kids’ mind off the coming nine months of math, science, and social studies by exploring the great outdoors in style. Camping by car allows you to bring everything you could possibly need –and then some – without having to carry it all. Choose the right plot in the right location and you can spend the entire weekend hiking, biking, and swimming to your heart’s content. Think of it as a last ditch effort at summer camp for the whole family. If you have already started school, think of it as brief pause to absorb that first week’s worth of new knowledge. Either way, everybody wins.One of the best car camping spots in the South is the Deep Hole Recreation area in Georgia’s Chattahoochee National Forest. The small, primitive campground (no electricity, no showers) sits on the banks of the Toccoa River, just a few miles south of Lake Blue Ridge, within prime striking distance to some of the Chattahoochee National Forest’s best recreation. The Appalachian Trail and Benton Mackaye Trail intersect a few miles from the campground, and Aska Trails—one of Georgia’s best mountain bike systems—is just up the road. The campground is also the put-in for the 17-mile Toccoa River Canoe Trail.View Larger Map
Cross country skiing doesn’t appeal to everyone. Downhillers sometimes think it too bland or boring. Some even say it puts them to sleep.(BA-ZING!)This reporter can relate as her live news segment on XC goes down in flames when she inexplicably faints in the middle of a sentence. She is reportedly fine, as you can tell when she continues the broadcast (almost) as if nothing happened but a little “slip.” Her coworkers don’t seem too concerned, at least not as concerned as the gentleman attempting the rescue.Happy New Year!
My son, J.P., in the midst of my musical moment of the year.The advent of a new year brings upon us the desire to look forward. Before we turn our expectations to all that we believe the next twelve months might offer, however, I wanted to revisit all of the musical magnificence of the year that we just finished. So many great records, so many great shows. 2014 certainly didn’t disappoint on the musical front.I reached out to a number of friends to discover which musical moment of the year would be etched most prominently in their memories.My favorite and most lasting memory of 2014 was seeing Sturgill Simpson open for Jason Isbell at the Ryman Auditorium in late October. It was the Sunday show of a three night run in the town both Isbell and Simpson call home, and the crowd was like a loving family welcoming their hardworking sons back to a familiar stage. Besides the incredible music, the vibe and mood of the show stuck with the most. Both artists experienced meteoric rises in 2014, mainly by bucking the traditional Nashville country sound and paving their own course. Interestingly enough, they even shared a producer, Dave Cobb, on their most recent records. The Ryman crowd showed its appreciation all night with raucous applause and standing ovations. It was definitely a night I won’t forget.– Drew Logsdon, Music Fan, Frankfort, KYMy favorite musical moment was actually a renewal of music I’d long forgotten. Being a fan of Foo Fighters, I very much enjoyed Sonic Highways, the band’s show on HBO. In each episode, the band travels to a different city across the country – Chicago, Austin, Nashville, Los Angeles, and more – and records in a historic studio while chatting up rock and roll luminaries like Bonnie Raitt, Buddy Guy, George Porter, Jr., Cyril Neville, and Willie Nelson. The whole series was amazing, and what I learned from it stuck with me. Now, I’m not a big country music fan, and I tend to write off most country artists just for being country. But, low and behold, I am now a huge Zac Brown fan because of the show. I can’t stop listening to him. Because of the show, I also discovered a band called The Germs, from L.A., that don’t exist anymore, and a Washington, D.C. band called Trouble Funk that I had never heard of. I’ve gotten back into Fugazi, Willie Nelson, and even found a new appreciation for Gary Clark, Jr. There just something about the way these stories were told and the history and influence that sometimes is forgotten. So, it was really nice to have this show jump start my ears and heart again with all this new and old music.– Micah Davidson, Blue Mountain Artists, Charlotte, NCI have no cool moments, save one: Carbon Leaf at the Jefferson Theater in October. Twenty years after hearing them for the first time, they still bring it and flood a room with sound. It was great to see people from their teens to their sixties all feeling the same way about a band that has weathered all that has happened in the last twenty years. I went with some fellow Longwood University grad who are about fifteen years younger, but they got it, too. Carbon Leaf seem on the verge of making it big on more than one occasion, but that isn’t really the point. They still create great songs and are a unique band. After the show, we went to buy a cd and a copy of the night’s show. Barry, the lead singer, was manning the merch table and remembered playing our college party in 1994. He even remembered names. Good music. Good times.– Rich Lindsay, Music Fan, Charlottesville, VAIt’s hard to pick just one favorite musical memory of the past year, but I’d have to say that my two favorites were the Ohio River Throwdown at the Riverbend Music Center in Cincinnati and the ROMP Festival at Yellow Creek Park in Owensboro, Kentucky. The line up for the Ohio River Throwdown included a wide variety of amazing artsts; Edward Sharpe & The Magnetic Zeroes were fantastic. Trombone Shorty had everybody boogieing. Justin Towne Earle’s new material was solid and Jason Isbell was simply moving. ROMP was a who’s who of bluegrass and ranks up there with the best in the nation. It was super family friend and they get fantastic talent. I really enjoyed Del McCoury, Railroad Earth, The Wood Brothers, and Sam Bush, but it was Old Crow Medicine Show that brought the house down.– Michael Orzali, Music Fan, Cincinnati, OHMy favorite musical moment of 2014 was, hands down, The Bluegrass Situation’s super jam at Bonnaroo. From Dierks Bentley to The Avett Brothers, it was awesome to see thousands upon thousands of people ecstatic about the jam.– Emilee Warner, Warnerblaster, Nashville, TNLast spring, with a stroke of luck, I won tickets to Lockn’ through a teacher appreciation raffle at work. I was in a fever pitch by September, because I was finally going to get to see Numero Uno on my bucket list, Willie Nelson. Along the way to his set, I got see some amazing music. An unexpected highlight was Derek Trucks and Susan Tedeschi playing an intimate acoustic late night set. It was dark and quiet, even though there were hundreds of people listening. A sign language interpreter was dancing to the beat of the music while signing the lyrics to the songs, and people were lounging in mellow hammocks in a forest grove beneath the stars. It was incredible. And, on Sunday, when I finally got to see Willie with his fingers on Trigger, my weekend was complete.– Jason Collier, Music Fan, Charlottesville, VAI have too many favorite musical moments of 2014 to pick just one, but at the top of the list would certainly be having the honor of performing on the main stage at the Bristol Rhythm & Roots Reunion. Walking on stage that had “Tweedy” written on tape everywhere was a surreal moment for both me and the rest of the band. It was awe-inspiring and fuel for the fire inside me that is determined to have my name and my band’s name written on that tape, and on that stage, someday.– Bryan Elijah Smith, Musician, Dayton, VAI experienced a lot of great live music in 2014, but the highlight for me was Hot Rize at the Wide Open Bluegrass Festival in Raleigh, North Carolina. Hot Rize has always exemplified what I think is the best that bluegrass has to offer. From the early days with the late Charles Sawtelle on guitar, their music has always shown clear connections to the past while maintaining a completely original voice, and their songs tell stories with more detail, risk, and nuance that most bluegrass bands would attempt. That character and dedication to the shared voice that has been on display since their earliest records continues to develop, and it was on full display in Raleigh. The boys played most of their new record and a few old favorites, and all of them felt totally personal and fresh. If you didn’t know, you’d never guess that the band had been on a long hiatus. They have the polish and patina – and I mean that in the best way! – that only comes from years of shared experience. Of course, Red Knuckles & The Trailblazers made an appearance, joined by occasional guest sideman Elmo Otto (Sam Bush in a fez!). Seeing Hot Rize in its alter ego country band is like hearing a friend tell a familiar joke, and my favorite moment of 2014 wouldn’t have been complete without it.– Jeremy Darrow, Musician, Nashville, TN2014 brought about many musical adventures, including great shows and the recording of Sturgeon City’s first full length album. What truly stands out, however, was the Friday line up at Red Wing Roots Music Festival. Furnace Mountain, one of my favorite Virginia bands, played early in the day, warming things up with mountain melodies and beautiful harmonies. I also saw Pokey LaFarge for the first time that day. He and his band blew me away with their orchestration and well-crafted tunes, and they played a super tight and energetic show. There were other really great bands that day, but Sarah Jarosz’s set floored me. Her band – a trio, nonetheless – was formidable and the setlist was killer. For her fiddle tune, “Old Smitty,” to Dylan’s “Ring Them Bells” and favorites like “Squirrel Hunters” and “The Tourist,” the dissonance and accompanying resolve they created was truly impressive. The rest of the evening included an excellent performance from The Devil Makes Three, where I got to hear “For Good Again,” one of my favorite tunes of theirs. There were good friends, great music, and a beautiful setting at Mt. Solon’s Natural Chimney Park. It’s safe to say I will return in 2015.– J.M. Nobile, Musician, Richmond, VA As for my own moment, it was watching my John Patrick, my oldest son and pictured above, play to a packed house with his band, Mis’ry Creek, at the Bristol Rhythm & Roots Reunion. I was nervous about this particular set, as they were playing in a small theater and, frankly, I didn’t know if anyone would come in. My worries were unfounded. Apparently, the ushers were turning people away at the door. J.P. and his mates in the band had a wonderful set and finished to a standing ovation. I got to sit in the crowd and think, “That’s my boy.” 2014 was also a great year for Trail Mix. Hundreds of songs. Great artists. Tremendous interviews and giveaways. Thanks for paying attention and I hope you’ll hang on for the great things to come in 2015.Cheers!Dave
Dear Republican Voters:We need to talk. I’m a professional snowboarder, and during a 25-year career I’ve seen first-hand how winters have changed, how they’ve gotten warmer and inconsistent. For example, in the last thirty years, the northern hemisphere has lost a million square miles of spring snowpack and every year has been warmer than average since 1976. There has not been a colder than average year globally since I was a year old.I know these changes worry you, too. “Sunny-day” flooding is a normal event now in Florida, sending sea water pouring into streets and homes at high tide, and a chunk of ice nearly the size of Delaware could break away from Greenland at any time. These are all glimpses into the future. Yeah, I know that the leaders of your party say climate change is a hoax, a global conspiracy, that it’s natural cycles, etc. We both know that’s not true. The science proves it and polls show that Americans overwhelmingly think climate change is a problem that the government needs to address.Despite this loud cry for action, the GOP leadership, the people sworn to serve your best interests, are ignoring you and trying to kill the modest progress America has made in moving toward a cleaner and more prosperous economy. A new study shows that killing the Clean Power Plan, as President Trump and congressional Republicans are trying to do, will cost the U.S. economy hundreds of billions of dollars and cause more than 100,000 premature deaths due to air pollution.Republican leaders want to kill these efforts because they’ve put ExxonMobil, Peabody Energy and other fossil fuel companies before your best interests. That’s called crony capitalism, and it’s a complete affront to the free market principles. The GOP is the only major political party in the world that rejects climate science. Right-wing parties throughout Europe get it. As does China, who just closed 104 coal-fired power plants and intends to spend more than $360 billion on renewable energy through 2020, creating 13 million new jobs.And recently, EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt said that “CO2 isn’t a primary contributor to global warming.” Let’s be real, Scott Pruitt knows better, but it’s not about him. It’s about the GOP’s continued commitment to the fossil fuel industry, refusing to accept the authority of climate science and block any future climate policy.There was a time in American history when Republicans championed science and worked with Democrats to achieve some of our country’s greatest conservation and environmental victories. Millions of acres set aside for public lands, iconic national parks, the Clean Air Act and Clean Water Act, the EPA and the Wilderness Act were all bipartisan legislative wins that cleaned up our air and water, saved lives and preserved our most beautiful landscapes. These initiatives have been engines of economic prosperity. Our national parks are the envy of the world. When you stand on the South Rim of the Grand Canyon, you are awed just like I am.Let’s be straight: I’m not a Democrat. I’m not a Republican either. I’m a concerned American, a husband, a father, a small businessman and a job creator. I hate taxes, too. I want smart and lean and effective government. I would be happy to support the Republican Party one day, but today, on some of the most important issues of our time – climate change, the environment, our children’s future – the Republican Party has gone off the rails.So, ok, our leaders don’t believe in climate science, but what about job creation and energy independence? We all want the same results, it’s just a matter of how we get there.Working together, we can do better. The solution to American job losses, economic stagnation and climate change is a rapid deployment of renewable energies. Rebuilding our aging and decrepit utility grid and powering it with green energy would revitalize our economy for the coming century like the construction of our interstate highway system did in the last century. Generating wind and solar power is now as cheap or cheaper than producing fossil fuel power. And you can’t outsource rooftop solar panel installations.This transition to renewables is already happening despite GOP opposition – and despite ten times the amount of government subsidies – corporate welfare – for fossil fuels. The technology exists to solve this, and today, clean energy jobs exceed the number of jobs in oil, gas and coal development.“Work with me to convince the White House and Congress to make America a global leader in the renewable energy economy and unleash American entrepreneurialism that creates the good-paying jobs of the future.”Let’s put our foot on the accelerator by using good old-fashioned conservative Republican free market principles. A group of prominent Republicans recently announced a plan that represents a smart path forward. “The Conservative Case for Carbon Dividends” would require polluters to pay to dump their greenhouse gases into our atmosphere. You don’t get to dump your garbage for free. Why should they? Revenues collected from these so-called carbon fee and dividend plans would be returned to citizens in the form of tax relief. This is common sense tax reform that would both lower pollution and offset other despised taxes, while also stimulating renewable energy creation.Work with me to convince the White House and Congress to make America a global leader in the renewable energy economy and unleash American entrepreneurialism that creates the good-paying jobs of the future. Jobs designing, manufacturing and installing the batteries and electric vehicles and solar panels and energy saving devices. Let’s harness the muscle and know-how of laid-off miners and wildcatters and put them to work erecting wind turbines and building a smart electric grid.The only thing standing in our way is Republican leadership. Climate change should not be a partisan issue. We have a mid-term election in 2018, with the opportunity to remove congressional officeholders who are stalling progress on climate. I urge Republican voters to tell their candidates to get to work—or get out. The only hope for our climate, our future, is citizenship, and elected leaders who put principle before party.Bio: Jeremy Jones is a professional snowboarder and founder of the climate action nonprofit Protect Our Winters. He lives in Truckee, Calif., with his wife and two children.
Tourists pull baby dolphin out of ocean to take photos, and then leave it to die In February, tourists at a beach resort in Buenos Aires, Argentina pulled a baby Franciscan dolphin from the ocean and began taking selfies with it, says the country’s Wildlife Foundation. The beachgoers were rough with the dolphin and passed it around the group, eventually leaving it to die. The Franciscan dolphin is vulnerable to extinction; there are only 30,000 of its kind left in the world. In the decades since people began summiting Denali, climbers have left behind 66 tons of feces on the tallest mountain in North America. Thanks to climate change, that feces is expected to begin melting out of the Kahiltna glacier that contains much of it, possibly as early as this year. It’s long been known that Denali has a poop problem. Last year, the National Park Service instituted a policy that all human waste created below 14,000 feet on Denali must be packed off of the mountain. But five of the six guiding companies that lead climbers to the summit have begun voluntarily carrying all excrement off of the 20,310-foot mountain, regardless of where it was produced. About 1,200 climbers attempt to summit the mountain each year, producing about two metric tons of waste annually. Coal companies owned by West Virginia Gov. Jim Justice owe 4.3 million for mine safety violations Companies belonging to the family of West Virginia Governor Jim Justice owe 4.3 million dollars in delinquent debt for mine safety violations, according to an Ohio Valley ReSources analysis of federal mine safety data. The debt owed by the Justice family has grown since 2016, when Justice ran for governor and pledged to pay the then 2.6 million the companies owed in mine safety violation fines. The companies, which are mainly controlled by Governor Justice’s children, have the highest delinquent mine safety debt in the U.S. mining industry. The delinquent penalties occurred between June 2009 and August 2018 at 71 mines in Alabama, Kentucky, Tennessee, West Virginia and Virginia. Thawing on Alaska’s Denali could soon reveal decades of poop Advocates remind the public that humans should never touch dolphins in the wild. Interaction with humans may negatively impact a dolphin’s behavior and reproductive patterns. Dolphins are naturally curious, but their curiosity should not be interpreted as friendly behavior. In the United States, swimming with or touching wild dolphins may be considered harassment under the Marine Mammal Protection Act and is therefore against the law.
By Dialogo October 09, 2009 La unica forma de combatir la pirateria, es manteniendo un grupo de marinos de la tripulacion del buque, entrenados y armados de escopetas contra motines, para repeler el abordage. esta medida no puede operar en barcos cisternas que trasporten GAS! es altamente peligrosa, por sucapacidad de explotar con una chispa de un tiro. Somali pirates attempted to storm the French navy’s 18,000 tonne flagship in the Indian Ocean after mistaking it for a cargo vessel, the French military said. The crew of La Somme, a 160-metre (525-foot) command vessel and fuel tanker, easily saw off the brazen night-time assault by lightly armed fighters on two lightweight skiffs and captured five pirates, a spokesman said. “The pirates, who because of the darkness took the French ship for a commercial vessel, were on board two vessels and opened fire with Kalashnikovs,” Admiral Christophe Prazuck said in Paris. La Somme is the French command vessel in the Indian Ocean, overseeing French air, sea and land forces fighting Somali pirates and hunting terrorists under the banner of the US-led Operation Enduring Freedom. Officers on the ship have directed commando operations to free French hostages in the hands of Somali pirates. The pirates tried to flee when they realised their mistake but were pursued by French forces who, after an hour-long chase, caught one of the skiffs, Prazuck said. On it they found five men but no weapons, water or food as the pirates had apparently thrown all of the boat’s contents overboard, the spokesman said. A Western official at sea in the area, speaking to AFP on condition of anonymity, said that there had been an exchange of fire between the warship and the pirate launches. “One of the skiffs managed to get away in the night because La Somme was busy with the first pirate boat,” he said. “Despite the arrival of other vessels, they haven’t yet managed to find the second boat,” he said, adding that many warships in the area were busy hunting another group which attacked a cargo ship off the Seychelles on Sunday. The world’s naval powers have deployed dozens of warships to the lawless waters off Somalia over the past year to curb attacks by pirates in one of the world’s busiest maritime trade routes. La Somme was operating 250 nautical miles (460 kilometres) off the Somali coast, on its way to resupply fuel to frigates patrolling shipping lanes as part of the European Union’s Operation Atalanta anti-piracy mission. This was not the first time that Somali pirates have mistakenly attacked a French naval vessel. Several pirates were captured in May when they attempted to board a frigate in the area. Somalia has had no proper government since it plunged into lawlessness after President Mohamed Siad Barre was overthrown in 1991. The country is riven by factional fighting and pirate gangs operate freely from several ports along its Indian Ocean and Gulf of Aden coasts. According to the environmental watchdog Ecoterra International, at least 163 attacks have been carried out by Somali pirates since the start of 2009 alone, 47 of them successful hijackings. Last year, more than 130 merchant ships were attacked, an increase of more than 200 percent on 2007, according to the International Maritime Bureau’s Piracy Reporting Centre in Kuala Lumpur. Pirates have in recent weeks resumed attacks with the end of the monsoon season. Last week Somali gunmen captured Spanish fishing boat The Alakrana with 36 crew members in the Indian Ocean. The US Maritime Administration warned last month that the end of the monsoon season was likely to bring an increase in piracy off Somalia and urged shipping companies to be vigilant. Calmer waters allow pirates, who often operate in small fibreglass skiffs towed out to sea by captured fishing vessels, to hijack freighters, trawlers and private yachts. Cruise vessels have also been attacked.
ZAGREB, Croatia — Nine people were charged with smuggling at least 175 kilos (386 pounds) of cocaine worth several million euros into Europe from the Caribbean, prosecutors said on April 14. The charges included buying “large quantities of cocaine” in the Bahamas and the Dominican Republic, then transporting the narcotics on a private plane before selling them in Croatia and western European countries, the national anti-organized crime bureau (USKOK) said. The nine charged were five Croatians, two with dual Canadian-Croatian nationalities, one Colombian and another person holding both Serbian and Bosnian citizenships, according to USKOK. The network was dismantled when Austrian police allegedly caught two of the suspects with over 101 kilos of cocaine worth about €4 million (US$5.23 million). [AFP, 14/04/2012; Eubusiness.com (Croatia), 14/04/2012] By Dialogo April 16, 2012
The occupation in Maré has very different characteristics than those experienced in Alemão and Haiti, which interferes significantly in the interaction between the Military and the residents, as well as that with criminal groups. The Brazilian Armed Forces have cut down monthly drug traffic profits in Rio de Janeiro’s Maré Complex from $15 million Brazilian reals to $300,000 reals since the beginning of the occupation. This loss has been a cause for great concern to the leaders of the three main factions of Rio’s organized crime. Back in February, a lookout made $700 reals a week, but today they barely make any money. Regardless, the situation is still far from being resolved, and the Military is not to blame. The majority of society believes that organized crime in the favelas is carried out by rifle-toting drug dealers who sell drugs. That’s just the tip of the iceberg of a network that hides thousands of unarmed people, living directly or indirectly off the drug income, in these communities. The Brazilian Armed Forces have cut down monthly drug traffic profits in Rio de Janeiro’s Maré Complex from $15 million Brazilian reals to $300,000 reals since the beginning of the occupation. This loss has been a cause for great concern to the leaders of the three main factions of Rio’s organized crime. Back in February, a lookout made $700 reals a week, but today they barely make any money. Regardless, the situation is still far from being resolved, and the Military is not to blame. Respectfully,@EdGaarcua This example of search and determination by the Brazilian courts is to improve the system, which is messed up and has been for a long time. I still believe that hard-line judges should make some changes in the laws and give more power to national security forces. I want the opportunity to collaborate with you. Maistela Droescher. I think the Brazilian Army had to be neutral when talking about drug trafficking in the shantytowns (favelas). Do you know why? Most of these soldiers come from shantytowns, mainly in Rio de Janeiro. I myself live in a shantytown and I am going to serve in the Army. I enlist in September. Even the stories about the Armed Forces have invaded shantytowns. I’ve never heard any music that supports crime in the funk music mentioning the Army. Look, this isn’t Iraq, Babylon, Afghanistan or Colombia to be invading the shantytowns with war tanks. Send the police there and that’s it. The Army should stay out of this. (y) Plea bargaining (with many fewer official staff members assassinated) needs to evolve. In my view, this requires greater protection and less exposure of our service members. The task forces should have more freedom and the security to act. I think that in order for better results, the leaders should also participate and provide ways for the military to remain in certain areas like this one. Very good information, impressive…. Given that the majority of representatives of the people are corrupt or corrupted, there is no interest in creating laws and actions to put the country on the right track. In this case, it’s no different. Service members and innocent people are dying and nothing is being done. Crooks pose as heroes and receive benefits and entitlement that not other communities get. Excellent article about Col. Montenegro. Those who choose to use weapons belonging to the Brazilian Armed Forces, putting the population and security forces at risk, should be judged under the National Security Law, by military tribunal. This is incredible Jesus is coming and you will continue in this war of misery. I am all in favor for greater freedom for the Armed Forces. Our Army is something to be proud of. The Army shouldn’t have to go through these situations because it has a history of huge victories. I get angry because no politician sees that. I am proud to have worn this honorable uniform for seven years. Congratulations to Colonel Fernando Montenegro. I agree with everything that you wrote. The government (federal and state) use our Armed Forces demagogically in the insane fight against drug trafficking, yet they don’t give them the power to use not only their forces, but their intelligence units capable of greatly reducing the military and financial power of all of these criminal factions that politicians, businessmen and big fish hide behind. Maybe, the competent authorities don’t care about seeing them on TV, in newspapers or hearing about them on the radio. If it wasn’t for the decisions taken by the PF, MP, CGU and TCU, made up of men capable of standing up to corrupt politicians, stealing, and the gangs of politicians and businessmen involved in the Lavo-Jato scandal, they would still be acting with impunity. more or less The occupation in Maré has very different characteristics than those experienced in Alemão and Haiti, which interferes significantly in the interaction between the Military and the residents, as well as that with criminal groups. In Haiti, the Brazilian Battalion controls the situation because it has carte blanche to check every house and shoot down anyone who is carrying a gun ostentatiously. Operationally, this is the only way to ensure the Troops the same degree of freedom that organized crime has to go into every home, which they do by terrorizing the community. The political decision not to grant these same rights to the Troops in Maré has caused unnecessary attrition to the Service Members committed to the mission’s fulfillment. As a result of the Army’s restrictive rules of engagement, illegal drugs are sold and used inside homes, corrupted minors throw stones at Troops, and dealers have moved to slabs, where they ambush the Military after operations that lead to arrests, weapons, and drug seizures. Daily shootings may go on for hours and have hit four Soldiers already, one of them fatally. Asymmetric warfare in our own backyard. A decisive factor for the success in Alemão was the capture of a huge amount of weapons and drugs early in the operation. This was possible due to the collective search-and-seizure warrants associated with a tip hotline. In Haiti, the Brazilian Battalion controls the situation because it has carte blanche to check every house and shoot down anyone who is carrying a gun ostentatiously. Operationally, this is the only way to ensure the Troops the same degree of freedom that organized crime has to go into every home, which they do by terrorizing the community. This makes it essential for the State to understand the economic impact that asphyxiating drug traffic will cause before there is a military occupation of this magnitude, the and offer alternatives to the people. This did not happen when the Armed Forces left the Alemão Complex and the situation returned to critical levels, compromising the credibility of the process. Maré residents notice that, and they know that the presence of the Armed Forces is temporary; to illustrate this point, a community leader who strongly supported the Troops in Maré did not have his safety guaranteed and was murdered in late 2014. Drugs along with greed of men equates to the loss of humanity Why don’t you show that shameless person’s face? Cool While drug traffickers continue hidden in slums, the occupation won’t result in the needed and wished for success. Residents that offend soldiers and police are part of the group who are indirectly sustained by drug trafficking. They are the first to report to the press that the police “came in shooting”. I think the (illegible) method is valid, involving unsuccessful operations and exposing the lives of soldiers and police in constant danger. very good The Army needs to act forcefully against these factions wreaking havoc. If we wait for our government, they will take control of our country, which is already happening. Yes, the Army needs to be called to go in and resolve the situation, and policies for the Army need to be different than those for the police. What’s happening in Rio is unfortunate, but in the Knowledge Academies in Brasilia, everyone knows. They want to see everything get worse, but they hardly realise that the Brazilian State of Democratic Law has failed or is about to fail, and the Guardians of the Brazilian Nation-State are on alert, or we’ll become a big anarchy with gangs and crooks leading the country like in the Middle East, ungoverned. Congratulations Colonel. Don’t expose yourself or our boys. Like these thugs, they have a vision. Unfortunately, it’s all dominated, and civilian and military intelligence and counterintelligence units know that. The stage is armed: in Rio, the factions and militias, in SÃ£o Paulo, Marcolla’s PCC, and in other states around the country, it’s not very different. There are a lot of weapons in the wrong hands, or it may be on purpose for convenience. Go and reread the book, “A Noite das Grandes Fogueiras” by Guilherme Meirelles. May God save Brazil when this time arrives. Yes. I am certain that most drugs and arms are in the shantytowns (favelas). ??? An ongoing war. Unfortunately, families are used in the most intrinsic holes of social negligence. This is where drug trafficking wins. These are good people, hostages while participants in this snowball rooted like weed that sucks all the life of a river.It’s not cool because they’re dispensable to drug trafficking. They’re innocent people who lose their souls for the sake of having more food on the table or a false guarantee of being able to come and go. This is something that should be guaranteed by the government through social rights. Drug trafficking will only get worse as long as there is corruption. I hope the government never becomes indifferent towards the poor. May they be treated like kings and queens, princes and princesses in obtaining their rights, and may those responsible for looking after the rights of the government be properly paid as they deserve. The military is supposed to guard our borders to prevent smuggling of weapons and drugs. Colonel Montenegro was happy and revealing in his lucid comments. The Colonel made very good arguments: the Armed Forces is the last resort used in certain cases. When they are called to duty, they need the freedom to act. The case of drug trafficking for some time already in Brazil is a national security situation. The enemy can be internal or external. The Armed Forces are the faithful guardians of the Brazilian Constitution and have to be prepared for whatever comes. They have the trust of the Brazilian people. This portal only has old news. The Army needs the authority to operate in any place in Brazil. Pay office of Navy staff. Increase wages and benefits. Good morning, best and warm regards. That’s it. The Army should provide the police with support in certain operations I agree with the Colonel because they’re playing with fire. The Brazilian Armed Forces should not be used in any ordinary security action. Military occupation means recognising the state of war going on in the “Marvelous City”. The Army is not the police. I speak from experience as a former soldier. The strategy is to occupy the area and annihilate the armed enemy. I would like the CLASSIC UOL COLONEL AND GENERAL IN COMMAND OVER BRAZIL Our government leaders need to understand that violence is only fought through a first class education. Arms manufactures should be held liable for the deaths they cause or for maintaining an arms tracking system. The blame needs to be put at the source of the supply, which is in the border regions. They continue to be wide open due to the absence of adequate policies. Everyone knows that putting an end to the disease before it reaches people is a more effective and economic way. What we don’t understand is the Brazilian government’s kindness towards countries like Bolivia and Peru, and even towards suspected Colombian revolutionaries. There are many people in the background behind drug trafficking in Brazil. In Alemão there was only one criminal faction. The invasion was unexpected, which did not allow the armed criminals to evade taking inventories of drugs and weapons. However, additional drug trafficking structures remained to enable the operation after the Army’s departure. Everyone knows that the Military occupation of the Maré Complex was due to the World Cup and, if it is up to the politicians, it will continue until the Olympics. They said it wouldlast a short period of time, just like they did with Alemão (and that lasted for 520 days), but we can see that is not the case. The majority of society believes that organized crime in the favelas is carried out by rifle-toting drug dealers who sell drugs. That’s just the tip of the iceberg of a network that hides thousands of unarmed people, living directly or indirectly off the drug income, in these communities. The political decision not to grant these same rights to the Troops in Maré has caused unnecessary attrition to the Service Members committed to the mission’s fulfillment. As a result of the Army’s restrictive rules of engagement, illegal drugs are sold and used inside homes, corrupted minors throw stones at Troops, and dealers have moved to slabs, where they ambush the Military after operations that lead to arrests, weapons, and drug seizures. Daily shootings may go on for hours and have hit four Soldiers already, one of them fatally. Asymmetric warfare in our own backyard. excellent article Montenegro, I’m sorry, but this civilian does not know his rank. With regard to his speech, excellent. I’ve even heard or read it in a newspaper. Words that did not put an end to trafficking because of bank interests in the amount of money moved, in addition to the arms trade. Congratulations. There would be no trafficking, drug dealers or distributors, if there were no users. Only through the cooperation of families, schools political will and law enforcement, with equality for all, can we end or minimize this human coldness. Brazil should take a larger number of troops from the barracks to the borders to fight harder against trafficking. With the fewer troops sent, effective combat is impossible. How many soldiers are in the barracks with nothing to do? Dear readers, fortunately in the reserves and now also as a journalist, I can express my opinions in a more incisive way and fight the hypocrisy of some decisions that army personnel are unable to address. An example. Congratulations on the line of thinking, Colonel. Yes, they should separate and train soldiers for this type of work, special soldiers. The military is not the police!If the military respond like the police, they will just crash and burn. Dear Colonel Fernando Montenegro.I feel that over 90% of violent crimes are directly or indirectly related to drug trafficking, which is a national problem, not confined to Rio.You have to go to the source, nip it in the bud. Focus on strategies and missions on the border. We must close our borders with drug trafficking neighbors and be stricter against trafficking in drugs and weapons.Putting the Armed Forces to act as the police is a trap to put people against the military.#TamoJunto (#We’reUnited)#SemprePeloBrasil (AlwaysForBrazil) In Maré, we have the Army and three rival organized crime factions that are unwilling to give up the territory and abandon the area since they know the Armed Forces will not stay there forever. Two of these factions have been in a violent territory dispute since 2009. In Alemão there was only one criminal faction. The invasion was unexpected, which did not allow the armed criminals to evade taking inventories of drugs and weapons. However, additional drug trafficking structures remained to enable the operation after the Army’s departure. By Dialogo May 25, 2015 A decisive factor for the success in Alemão was the capture of a huge amount of weapons and drugs early in the operation. This was possible due to the collective search-and-seizure warrants associated with a tip hotline. We could raise a number of observations about military operations, but the truth is that the solution to the problem lies at the political level. Society needs to understand that the Armed Forces must be allowed to make decisions because they are the last resource being employed. And that is why they cannot continue to operate under the same legal protocols governing the police. It is as similarly deceptive as using the same ineffective formula for a medication, only with a different label, and hoping it will fix the problem. The rules of engagement need to be rewritten if there is a desire to seek efficiency in operations, and to preserve the Military. *Fernando Montenegro – Colonel R / 1 Special Forces of the Brazilian Army – was commander of the Sampaio Task Force in the occupation and pacification of the Alemão and Penha complexes in 2011. This makes it essential for the State to understand the economic impact that asphyxiating drug traffic will cause before there is a military occupation of this magnitude, the and offer alternatives to the people. This did not happen when the Armed Forces left the Alemão Complex and the situation returned to critical levels, compromising the credibility of the process. In Maré, we have the Army and three rival organized crime factions that are unwilling to give up the territory and abandon the area since they know the Armed Forces will not stay there forever. Two of these factions have been in a violent territory dispute since 2009. *Fernando Montenegro – Colonel R / 1 Special Forces of the Brazilian Army – was commander of the Sampaio Task Force in the occupation and pacification of the Alemão and Penha complexes in 2011. We could raise a number of observations about military operations, but the truth is that the solution to the problem lies at the political level. Society needs to understand that the Armed Forces must be allowed to make decisions because they are the last resource being employed. And that is why they cannot continue to operate under the same legal protocols governing the police. It is as similarly deceptive as using the same ineffective formula for a medication, only with a different label, and hoping it will fix the problem. The rules of engagement need to be rewritten if there is a desire to seek efficiency in operations, and to preserve the Military. Maré residents notice that, and they know that the presence of the Armed Forces is temporary; to illustrate this point, a community leader who strongly supported the Troops in Maré did not have his safety guaranteed and was murdered in late 2014. Everyone knows that the Military occupation of the Maré Complex was due to the World Cup and, if it is up to the politicians, it will continue until the Olympics. They said it wouldlast a short period of time, just like they did with Alemão (and that lasted for 520 days), but we can see that is not the case.
Training to deal with natural disasters and other emergencies and to provide medical care paid off for the Colombian Armed Forces on June 22. Sharpening skills and bolstering cooperation “The exercise’s objective is to share the FAC’s 50 years of experience, strengthen operational abilities in the various air crews, be at the forefront in the techniques used to provide humanitarian aid, and improve the close ties of cooperation and interoperability that exist among the participating countries to conduct joint operations intended to save lives at the national and international levels,” the FAC’s Communications Department told Diálogo. The training program will be managed by the FAC’s National Center for Personnel Recovery (CNRP) and led by Lieutenant Colonel Rodrigo Zapata Romero, FAC’s director of Special Air Operations. Ángel de los Andes, an initiative by the Colombian Air Force (FAC), provides an opportunity for “air crews and aviation medical personnel, as well as operational and logistics personnel, to train in a simulated environment on Combat Search and Rescue (CSAR), evaluations and medical airlifts, and putting out forest fires,” the FAC’s website stated. The FAC’s goals in hosting the training program are to help Air Force service members sharpen their search, rescue, and medical skills, in addition to improving cooperation among partner nations. The Air Forces of 12 countries in the Americas will gather from August 17-28 in Colombia to conduct search and rescue exercises during natural disasters and other emergencies. “During this meeting, all the participants demonstrated commitment, bravery, and camaraderie as they prepared to save lives anywhere in the Americas,” the FAC CACOM 5 reported. The following month, on July 16, the Caribbean Air Group used a C90 medical-equipped aircraft, known as the “Guardian Angel of Colombia’s Caribbean Coast,” to transport a 62-year-old man from Providencia Island to the Amor de Patria Departmental Hospital in San Andrés Island, 90 km south, after suffering a traumatic brain injury. Members of the FAC will share their knowledge and experience with their counterparts from other participating countries. During the 10 days of Ángel de los Andes, 230 Colombian Air Force members will train with 60 others from partner nations in search, rescue, and recovery of an ejected crew and persons affected by an attack on a Military convoy; practice planning, supervision, and control skills; and learn about the best ways to provide medical treatment during emergencies and disasters, such as earthquakes. “Sharing experiences is a tradition among the world’s Armed Forces; there is a very strong esprit de corps among Military institutions,” Rubén Sánchez, a security analyst at Colombia’s University of Rosario, said. Such humanitarian missions “rendered by the Air Force and the Army in each nation is critical for many communities located in inhospitable areas,” Sánchez said. The FAC CNRP units have also rendered humanitarian aid in countries such as Chile, Peru, and Haiti. Multiple roles for Colombian Armed Forces By Dialogo August 18, 2015 warm The FARC guerilla forces went and took out the seismic company ecopetrol congratulations for the partnership between friendly nations. Much success I think it’s very important that the Minister of Defense should be someone with a lot of military experience. Heartfelt regards to all the members of the Armed Forces of my Colombia for the great work they do for us Eight days later, on June 30, the 7th Air Combat Command used an Angel UH-60 helicopter outfitted with a Bambi Bucket that held 640 gallons of water mixed with liquid fire retardant to fight a blaze in the municipality of Pradera in Valle del Cauca. Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, Jamaica, Panama, Honduras, Peru, Mexico, the Dominican Republic, Brazil, the United States, and Canada will attend Ángel de los Andes at the 1st Air Combat Command (CACOM 1) in the department of Cundinamarca, and at the 5th Air Combat Command (CACOM 5) in the department of Antioquia. “This is an excellent opportunity for the institution and for the country to demonstrate the Colombian Air Force members’ skills and training, which have allowed them to stay at the forefront of personnel recovery operations and providing treatment in emergencies and disasters,” the FAC said. The training program will include lectures by national and international speakers arranged by the Office of the Chief of Air Operations and the National System for Disaster Risk Management (SNGRD). Participants will also engage in discussions regarding rescue techniques using examples of successful recoveries of victims during disasters carried out by Colombian security forces and U.S. combat pilots. Military authorities have planned for this event for several months, beginning in October 2014. The FAC and U.S. Air Force members also met at the end of June 2015 to train together prior to the exercise. On that day, the helicopter crew of a UH-60 FAC 4103 Angel aircraft rescued Staff Sergeant Elver Alberto Santana, 38, who was suffering from acute coronary syndrome and extreme dehydration. The helicopter crew airlifted him from the municipality of Murindó to the Medellín Military Hospital.
By Carolina Contreras/Diálogo December 15, 2016 Chile’s and Argentina’s navies, armies, and air forces are ready to aid the population in the event of a natural disaster in either of the two countries at any time. Those were the conclusions reached by the military authorities of both countries on November 24, after evaluating the Solidarity 2016 Exercise, which was conducted from October 4-7. “(Solidarity) confirmed the coordination that exists between both countries’ defense institutions for organizing and providing mutual support. It also tested our compliance with the standards and protocols established for that,” said Air Force General Arturo Merino Núñez, chairman of Chile’s Joint Chiefs of Staff. This exercise provides training on combined joint military response capabilities and interoperability between the two militaries in order to confront a natural disaster, as provided by the Agreement for Cooperation in the Area of Disasters signed by Chile and Argentina in 1997. If needed, one country would assist the other. Since 2001, this exercise has been held every two years, alternating between both nations. Unlike other kinds of military training, Solidarity includes a military staff representing the personnel who would be dispatched in an actual emergency situation. The staff deployment depends on the needs that arise from the threat covered under the training. This year, 142 Chilean and 858 Argentine service members were deployed, in addition to airplanes, land and sea transport vehicles, and civil defense units. Remembering lessons learned During the process of compiling the experiences and lessons learned, “the service members showed a high degree of professionalism, which enabled them to carry out advanced-level training without any setbacks and with a high degree of effectiveness,” said Gen. Merino Núñez. As part of Solidarity 2016, the personnel responsible for resources in the event of an actual disaster established contact and ties among each other, “something that allows for more efficient communication when the time comes for implementation,” said Argentine Army Colonel José Antonio Saumell Robert, who led this eighth edition of Solidarity, in San Martín de los Andes, Argentina. Training by land, air, and sea Solidarity has land, air, and sea components, and it tests the armed forces’ joint-response capabilities when faced with a natural disaster. This year, the training exercises revolved around a volcanic eruption. This, after the April 22, 2015 eruption of Calbuco, the third most dangerous volcano in Chile, which threatened the population of Los Lagos region, and the provinces of Neuquén, Río Negro, and Chubut on the Argentine side of the border. The training taught them how to deal with such an emergency. During the volcanic eruption drill, 10 operational simulations were performed: volcanic eruption, forest fires, joint air operations, water purification in case of pollution, underwater search operations, setting up field hospitals, and the search and rescue of people trapped in collapsed structures. In each operation, the service members had to demonstrate their abilities on land, jumping from moving helicopters, making transport runs in speedboats, and providing medical care. From this experience, procedures were established for dealing with volcanic disasters, and the action protocols used by the Support Implementation Unit, which is in charge of operational and administrative tasks in the event of an actual disaster, were modified. For example, after mobilizing support personnel and resources from one country to another, “administrative details that cannot be clearly identified when carrying out simulated movements were ascertained,” Gen. Merino Núñez explained. In Chile’s case, the process involved determining which resources to employ, and how to prepare, transport, and use them in Argentine territory and then return them to Chile. This logistical, administrative, and leadership challenge was assessed satisfactorily by Gen. Merino Núñez, who highlighted the joint capabilities developed to carry out these kinds of activities. One of the exercises dealt with underwater search and recovery of bodies, aided by sonar technology. Twenty-one service members from the tactical divers and Marine Corps Commandos of the Chilean Navy’s Special Forces Command took part in this exercise, together with their trans-Andean peers. Members of this team provided aid to the population during the earthquake and tsunamis that struck the south of Chile in 2010. “Given that history, they knew how to expand their capabilities to support the citizenry,” said Vice Admiral José Miguel Rivera, commander of Naval Operations for the Chilean Navy. The air contingent comprised 25 service members from the 3rd Air Brigade of the Chilean Air Force (FACh, per its Spanish acronym), who trained on evacuating people from collapsed structures, aided by a Bell 412 helicopter and a FACh search and rescue unit. Seventy-three Chilean Army service members participated in cooperation system command-and-control procedures, testing the degree of effectiveness of the liaison methods and the communications employed by the participating entities. The armed forces’ response capabilities in the face of a volcanic eruption, which they simulated in Solidarity 2016, were added to their capabilities for confronting earthquakes and tsunamis after the 2014 exercise, and massive earthquakes after the 2012 exercise. “The synchronization and synergy that we have achieved with the Armed Forces of Argentina demonstrate that the job of supporting our people knows no boundaries and pushes the limits when answering the call for help imposed by nature,” Gen. Merino Núñez concluded. The next Solidarity Exercise will be held in Chile in 2018. The city and the theme to be developed will be determined next year.